Aly Shah was succeeded by his son, Sultan Mohammed
Shah, as Agha Khan III, at the age of seven. Educated in both
traditions, the Aga Khan showed special aptitude for philosophy,
theology and Persian poetry.
In his presidential address to the Mohammadan
Educational Conference, held in Dehli in 1902, he promoted the idea
of establishing a great central Muslim University at Aligarh.
In 1906, Sir Aga Khan led the Simla deputation and
very adequately represented the Muslim demands for separate
electorates, later reflected in the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909.
When All-India Muslim League was established in 1906, Aga Khan was
elected its first President and continued to hold this post until
1912, when he submitted his resignation.
On January 1929, All-Parties Muslim conference,
which met in Dehli with Aga Khan in the chair, made efforts to forge
unity amongst the two warring parties of the Muslim league (the
Shafi Group and Jinnah Group.) In his presidential address the Aga
Khan advised Muslim leaders to sink their differences and to join
In the Round Table conferences held in London
1930-1932, His Highness the Aga Khan played his cards remarkably as
a skillful negotiator and a far-sighted statesman. In 1932, Aga Khan
was nominated to represent India at the League of Nations and was
unanimously elected President of the League of Nations in July 1937.
At the age of eighty, he died on
July 11, 1957 in Geneva.