Khyber Pass, is a mountain pass that links Pakistan and Afghanistan.
It has been an important trade route between Central Asia and South
Asia throughout historyand a strategic military location. The summit
of the Khyber Pass is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi
Kotal and it cuts through the northeastern part of the Safed Koh
mountains which themselves are a far southeastern extension of the
Hindu Kush range. Situated in
the Sulaiman Hills (also spelled as Suleman), Khyber Pass is one of
the most famous passes in the world. The 53 kilometres narrow pass
winds through the mountains on the border between northern Pakistan
and eastern Afghanistan. The Khyber Pass is situated about 16
kilometres west of Peshawar and extends to Afghanistan border..
History of Khyber Pass
Driving on the Khyber Pass is a unique kind of experience. Many
conquerors and rulers, who came from far off places like central
Asia and Greek, used the pass in the past as the entry point to the
Indian sub continent. Travelling through the pass is like passing
through the layers of rocky mountain peaks and rugged barren
The Kings and commanders who crossed the Khyber Pass with armmed armies eastward in the conquest of India, except for Chandragupta Maurya, Ranjit Singh, George Pollock and Sir Donald Stewart who crossed in the opposite direction.. .
"We are a nation", they claimed in the ever eloquent words of the Quaid-i-Azam- "We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and moral code, customs and calandar, history and tradition, aptitudes and ambitions; in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life and of life. By all canons of international law, we are a nation". The formulation of the Musim demand for Pakistan in 1940 had a tremendous impact on the nature and course of Indian politics. On the one hand, it shattered for ever the Hindu dreams of a pseudo-Indian, in fact, Hindu empire on British exit from India: on the other, it heralded an era of Islamic renaissance and creativity in which the Indian Muslims were to be active participants. The Hindu reaction was quick, bitter, malicious.
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