Mardan of Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Mardan


Mardan of Northern Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Mardan. Pir Mardan Shah was a prominent religious figure of Mardan so people gave this this name. The area constituting Mardan district is part of Peshawar valley, which first appears in history as part of Gandhara Kingdom. Until 1937, Mardan district was a part of Peshawar district. In 1937, Mardan was set up as an independent district after the name of its headquarters town. The district lies from 34 05' to 34 32' north latitudes and 71" 48' to 72 25' east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Buner district and Malakand protected area, on the east by Swabi and Buner districts, on the south by Nowshera district and on the west by Charsadda district and Malakand protected area. The total area of the district is 1632 square kilometers.Where Kaghan is full of scenic beauty there it is full of thrill and excitement for the mountaineers and treks.


History of Mardan Valley

The area constituting Mardan district is a part of the Peshawar valley, which first appears in the history as part of the Gandhara kingdom. After invasion of Alexander the Great, the mists of obscurity began to clear up. The armies of Alexander reached the Indus valley by two separate routes, one direct through the Khyber Pass and the other led by Alexander himself through Kunar, Bajaur,Swat and Buner in 326 B.C. After Alexander's departure, the valley came under the rule of Chandragupta, who ruled the valley from 297 to 321 B.C. During the reign of the Buddhist emperor Asoka, the grand-son of Chandragupta, Buddhism was the religion, of the Peshawar valley. The valley saw the revival of Brahmanism after the Greeks took over in the time of king Mehanda. The Seythians and Indians followed and retained control of the valley till the 7th century A. D.
Before the close of the 7th century, the Afghans appeared in the valley. At that time Peshawar valley was under the control of the rulers at Lahore. The Afghans joined the Gakkhars who held the country between the Indus and the Jhelum rivers and compelled the Lahore rulers to cede to them the hill country west of the Indus and south of the Kabul river. In the 10th century the area came under the control of Sultan Sabuktgin who defeated Raja Jaipal, the hindu ruler of Lahore. Sabuktgin's son Sultan Mahmud of. Ghazni made this area as the rallying point for his numerous raids into the interior of India. In the 1 Sth century the Pathans of Ghor overthrew the Ghaznavis and the era of Ghaznavis came to an end. In 1505 the Mugha) emperor Babar invaded the area through Khyber Pass. It remained under the rule of the Mughal emperors up to the time of Aurangzebs. During his regime the Pathan tribes revolted and Aurangzeb himself led his army to re-establish his authority but after a hard struggle which lasted for two years(1673-75) he was compelled to agree to the terms which left the Pathans practically independent. In 1738 came the surrender of Peshawar to Nadir Shah by which all the territory west of the Indus, which included present Mardan district was ceded by the Mughals to Nadir Shah.


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Attractions in Pakistan

Kaghan, Abbottabad, Bhurban, Murree, Patriata, Naran, Kaghan, Swat, Chitral, Fort Munro, Gilgit, Ghora gali, Hunza, Kalash, Kalam, Khyber pass, malam Jabba, Thandiani, Skardu, Swat, Ziarat, Nanga Perbat, Hotels in Pakistan



Economy of Mardan CPEC

Mardan cpec-routes Mardan is near China Pakistan Economic Corridor which will expand the growth of industrial base of Mardan city. Mardan is the home of textile and edible oil mills, as well as one of the largest sugar mills in South Asia. An economic zone is planned as a part of the multi-billion dollar China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) near Rashakai.



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