has been ruled by the same family known
as Mirs of Hunza for 960 years. Hunzakuts
are believed to be the descendents of five
wandering soldiers of Alexander the Great.
The people of Hunza speak Brushuski, an
aboriginal language. This preincely state
retained its isolated independence for a
long time in the remote part of the areas
which now from the Northern Areas of Pakistan
adjoining the Sinkiang Autonomous Region
The people of Hunza are noted for
their friendliness and hospitality. The local languages spoken are
Burushaski, Wakhi and Shina, many people understand Urdu. The people are
educated and literacy rate of the Hunza valley is believed to be more
than 86%. Normally all children of the new generation go to at
least high school. Many pursue higher studies from prestigious colleges
and Universities of Pakistan and Europe.
Majority people of Hunza are Ismaili Shia Muslims,
followers of His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan IV, while in Ganish
Village more than 90% are Shia Muslims.
early nineteenth century, Hunza resented
Kashmir's attempts to gain control and its
rulers periodically expelled Kashmir garrisons,
threatended Gilgit, and politicked with
the rulers of Kashgar to the north where
the Russians were gaining influence. Fearing
Russians infiltration into their northern
frontiers, the British took over direct
political control at Gilgit in 1889. Incesant
fratricidal intrigues in Hunza and Nagar
made the areas doubly insecure. This, coupled
with the Mir of Hunza's consistent intransigence
induced the British to march on Hunza in
December 1891, where they fought a decisive
battle at Nilit, 60 km beyond Diaynor Bridge.
After this the British garrisoned Aliabad
until 1897 when Hunza became a princely
state protected by the Government of British
India. After the Pakistan was created in
1947, the people of Hunza also gained liberation
and the princely state was merged in Pakistan.
Nature has given Gilgit Baltistan with perfect beauty, high peaks, snowy
mountains, fresh water lakes, lush green fairy meadows, at the same time
this area is also blessed with unlimited and heavy deposits of precious
and semi-precious stones, precious & semi-precious metals, and
industrial stones like Ruby, Gold, Topaz, Aquamarine, Tourmaline,
Epidote, Paragasite, Zircon, Actinolite, Lead, Moonstone, Himalayan
Quartz, Emerald, Marble, Granite, Feldspar, Mica, Calcite, Feldspar,
Antimony, Graphite, Alum, Coal, Copper, Barite, China Clay etc. It is
estimated that almost 95% of the precious & semi-precious stones located
in Pakistan are found in Gilgit Baltistan.
At an elevation of 1453.90 meter lies the Gilgit valley, offers spectacular
scenic beauty. It is surrounded by lakes, rivers, glaciers and high mountains
ranges. Some of them world's largest peaks, such as Nanga Parbat, 8125 meter and
Raka Poshi, 7788 meter are located here. The best season to visit is from May to
mid October. The local dialect is Shina, however, Urdu and English are also
spoken and understood.